Cell phones are small, and so the quantity of metals contained in each cell phone is also small. When many phones become obsolete, however, the quantity and value of the metals contained in those phones become significant.
Copper.—If the 2,100 metric tons of copper in cell phones retired annually and the 7,900 metric tons in cell phones in storage were recycled in the United States, then the copper recovered from cell phones would amount to 1 percent and 3.5 percent, respectively, of the 225,000 metric tons of copper recovered from obsolete scrap in the United States in 2004. The average price of copper for 3 years, 2002 through 2004, was about $0.98 per pound (about 454 grams). At this price, a cell phone contains about 3.5 cents worth of copper. The total value of the copper in cell phones retired annually, without accounting for the recovery costs, is approximately $4.6 million; the value for obsolete cell phones in storage is $17 million.
Silver.—If the 46 metric tons of silver in cell phones retired annually and the 178 metric tons of silver in cell phones in storage were recycled, then the silver recovered from cell phones would amount to almost 3 percent and 10 percent, respectively, of the 1,700 metric tons of silver recovered from scrap from U.S. recycling activity in 2004. The price of silver averaged from 2002 through 2004 was $5.33 per troy ounce (about 31.1 grams). At this price, a cell phone contains about 6 cents worth of silver. The total value of silver in cell phones retired annually, without accounting for the recovery costs, is $7.9 million; the value for obsolete cell phones in storage is $31 million.
Figure 4. Components (in weight percent) in a typical cell phone in 2000. (data modified from Mobile Takeback Forum, 2005)
Gold.—If the 3.9 metric tons of gold in cell phones retired annually and the 17 metric tons of gold in cell phones in storage were recycled, then the gold recovered from cell phones would amount to 4 percent and 18 percent, respectively, of the 95 metric tons of refined gold recovered from recycled materials in the United States in 2004. The price of gold averaged from 2002 through 2004 was $362 per troy ounce. At this price, a cell phone contains slightly more than 40 cents worth of gold. The total value of the gold in cell phones retired annually, without accounting for the recovery costs, is $52 million; the value for obsolete cell phones in storage is $199 million.
Palladium.—The average price of palladium for the period 2002 through 2004 was $265 per troy ounce. At this average price, a cell phone contains almost 13 cents worth of palladium. The total value of palladium in cell phones retired annually, without accounting for the recovery costs, is $16 million; the value for obsolete cell phones in storage is $63 million.
Platinum.—The average price of platinum for the period 2002 through 2004 was $696 per troy ounce. At this average price, a cell phone contains less than 1 cent worth of platinum. The total value of platinum in cell phones retired annually, without accounting for the recovery costs, is nearly $1 million; the value for obsolete cell phones in storage is $3.9 million. These values illustrate that, when large numbers of cell phones become obsolete, large quantities of valuable metals end up either in storage or in landfills. The amount of metals potentially recoverable would make a significant addition to total metals recovered from recycling in the United States and would supplement virgin metals derived from mining.
Recovery and recycling of cell phones are in the early stages of development, as is the case for recycling of electronics in general. For cell phone recycling to grow, recycling must become economically viable. Efficient recovery infrastructure, product designs that simplify dismantling, and other changes are needed to facilitate the growth of cell phone recycling.
This information was obtained from The Encyclopedia of Earth
Source: Yahoo! News
Written by Christopher Null
While the courts have been busy making decisions about digital rights, Washington has also been having its say on copyright law, at least as it relates to the iPhone and other handsets. Key new rules arrived Monday morning.
Most notably, the FCC has made the controversial practice of “jailbreaking” your iPhone — or any other cell phone — legal.
Jailbreaking — the practice of unlocking a phone (and particularly an iPhone) so it can be used on another network and/or run other applications than those approved by Apple — has technically been illegal for years. However, no one has been sued or prosecuted for the practice. (Apple does seriously frown on the practice, and jailbreaking your phone will still void your warranty.) It’s estimated that more than a million iPhone owners have jailbroken their handsets.
Apple fought hard against the legalization, arguing that jailbreaking was a form of copyright violation. The FCC disagreed, saying that jailbreaking merely enhanced the inter-operability of the phone, and was thus legitimate under fair-use rules.
The upshot is that now anyone can jailbreak or otherwise unlock any cell phone without fear of legal penalties, whether you want to install unsupported applications or switch to another cellular carrier. Cell phone companies are of course still free to make it difficult for you to do this — and your warranty will probably still be voided if you do — but at least you won’t be fined or imprisoned if you jailbreak a handset.
In addition to the jailbreaking exemption, the FCC announced a few oth
er rules that have less sweeping applicability but are still significant:
• Professors, students and documentary filmmakers are now allowed, for “noncommercial” purposes, to break the copy protection measures on DVDs to be used in classroom or other not-for-profit environments. This doesn’t quite go so far as to grant you and me the right to copy a DVD so we can watch it in two rooms of the house, but it’s now only one step away.
• As was the topic in the GE ruling I wrote about, the FCC allows computer owners to bypass dongles if they are no longer in operation and can’t be replaced. Dongles are rarities in consumer technology products now, but industrial users are probably thrilled about this, as many go missing and are now impossible to obtain.
• Finally, people are now free to circumvent protection measures on video games — but, strangely, only to investigate and correct security flaws in those games. (Another oddity: Other computer software is not part of this ruling, just video games.)
PC Magazine breaks it down:
“If you place the latest smartphones side by side the first thing you’ll probably notice is that all their displays dazzle—but why? Image quality can be difficult to express but there is a way to measure it. To evaluate and help you understand the strengths and weaknesses of various displays, we powered up our luminance and chromaticity meters and recruited the help of Dr. Raymond Soneira and his DisplayMate display test and evaluation suite.
We compared the Apple iPhone 4, Motorola Droid X, HTC Droid Incredible and HTC EVO in terms of brightness, contrast, color depth, and color accuracy. Then we picked an overall winner for best smartphone screen.
These top smartphones use three different screen technologies. The Droid X and HTC EVO use traditional TFT LCDs, like you’ll find on most phones. TFT LCDs can give very different results if they’re tuned differently, though. The iPhone’s screen is an IPS LCD, a variant on TFT LCD where the molecules of liquid crystal are parallel to the panels as opposed to perpendicular. The Droid Incredible is AMOLED. Each display technology has its different advantages and disadvantages. AMOLED could one day replace LCD because it offers superior contrast, but it’s still expensive to manufacture and is not nearly as bright as LCDs.
There’s another screen technology coming. The upcoming Samsung Galaxy S phones use Super AMOLED, which supposedly reduces the reflectivity of AMOLED and increases the apparent brightness. We haven’t gotten much time with any of those phones yet, but we’re looking forward to it.”
Here’s the link: PCMAG.com
The big cell phone carriers are beginning to require customers to purchase some sort of data plan along with their new phones; it’s their way of recouping costs from handsets and other advertising fees.
It’s not surprising that once you receive the bill, data plan buyer’s remorse is included. You want the coolest phone, the best phone, however those phones usually have the highest data plans attached to them. Within a few months you realize that your cool phone is still cool, but the $200 phone bill definitely isn’t.
Parents who have purchased new phones with data plans for their children might even be the most upset: costs of multiple data plans in one family can quickly become astronomical.
Cell Again can help! We offer new and used phones that do not require data plans. You can trade in your child’s expensive phone for something more practical and more affordable. We even have phones that are grandfathered into plans that do not require high-priced data plans. There’s no need to live with an expensive data plan, just visit your closest Cell Again.
Most people think a wet cell phone is a total loss, but it depends on what kind of liquid your phone fell into. If your phone was dropped into regular tap water, like the toilet or sink with no soap, you have a good chance of getting your phone back to life. Just follow these steps:
1. Open your phone, take out the battery, and set it aside for a few days.
2. If you don’t have the tools to open your phone (and most people don’t) take it to a repair shop, eye glass store, or watch maker, and have them open up your phone’s housing.
3. Once your phone is open, leave it open for 2-4 days, preferably by a sunny window to dry.
4. After several days, check for moisture, and if the phone is dry, replace the battery.
Following these steps should give you about a 50/50 chance of resuscitating your phone.
If you dropped your phone into something other than plain water, including dirty water or liquids containing chemicals, your phone’s chance of revival is about 5%.
However, Cell Again has an UltraSonic machine! We can place your phone inside the machine, removing the chemicals that can corrode your phone. We see about a 20% success rate, which is worth trying when faced with the prospect of purchasing a new phone.
Come see us at anytime, we’d love to help get your phone back in working order.
1. Turn off any WiFi or data connections if not in use. Like a computer, a cell phone has a sleep mode and is still sending out data pings if not turned off and by doing this it can dramatically increase your battery life. This is especially important with the new Android phones since they are constantly updating even when your phone is just sitting there.
2. Protect your phone from scratches by using either Gadget Guard or Clear Protector to keep it looking new.
3. To keep your phone glitch free delete any old photos, videos, emails and text messages. The less information you keep on your phone the better it will function.
4. Use only approved applications. Many apps are not designed with battery life in mind, so if it isn’t approved you may want to reconsider the purchase.
5. Update your phones on a regular basis. Most new data phones have updates that help fix glitches. This is key with all new droids, iPhones and other smart devices.
Cellphone.org had some great cell phone information and I wanted to share…
On Friday, April 30, 2010, Oprah Winfrey and Harpo Studios are taking a stand against distracted driving and launching the first annual “No Phone Zone Day” to educate Americans to stop calling or texting on cell phones while driving.
The public service education campaign is supported by the US Department of Transportation (DOT), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA), National Organizations for Youth Safety (NOYS), FocusDriven, SADD (Students Against Destructive Decisions) and RADD, the Entertainment Industry’s Voice for Road Safety.
Corporate sponsors for the “No Phone Zone” campaign include Sprint, General Motors/Chevrolet and Liberty Mutual.
“A call or text isn’t worth taking a life,” says Ms. Winfrey. “We must not allow more mothers and fathers, daughters and sons, sisters and brothers to die before we take action.”
A 2008 NHTSA study indicated that at any given moment during the daylight hours, more than 800,000 vehicles are being driven by someone using a hand-held cell phone. Driving while distracted kills nearly 6,000 Americans each year
Drivers are four times less likely to get into accidents serious enough to cause injury when they turn off their cell phones while behind the wheel, according to the results of a 2005 study by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
* Less Than 3 Percent Can Talk on Cell Phone and Drive Safely
US Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood says, “I’ve made it my mission at the DOT to end distracted driving. We know that if we can get people to put away cell phones and other electronic devices when they are behind the wheel, we can save thousands of lives and prevent hundreds of thousands of injuries every year. That’s why I’m proud to support and participate in Oprah’s ‘No Phone Zone Day.’”
Friday’s Oprah Winfrey Show will present a special live episode that will coincide with several communities that are holding rallies against distracted driving. Among those featured will be Oprah partner stations WSB-TV Channel 2 in Atlanta, WCVB-TV Channel 5 in Boston, WXYZ Channel 7 in Detroit, KABC ABC7 in Los Angeles and WJLA ABC7 in Washington, D.C.
The planned rallies will bring together victims’ families, elected officials, advocacy organizations, parents, youth, and law enforcement to discuss best practices and steps to limit distracted driving in their own communities.
* Stop Distracted Driving and Sign Oprah’s No Phone Zone Pledge
Today I came across a story about used cell phones that I thought was interesting.
“A Provo man got a little more than he paid for when he visited a thrift store. He bought a used cell phone, plugged it in and found a blow-you-away list of phone numbers for famous athletes and entertainment stars.
Turns out this cell phone once belonged to a Utahn who has made a fortune in sports business: Dave Checketts. He’s a former Jazz general manager and the man responsible for bringing a Major League Soccer team to Salt Lake.
The contacts included Patrick Ewing, Alan Houston, Wayne Gretzky, Bud Selig, David Stern, Marv Albert, Tom Brokaw and Jerry Colangelo, to name a few.”
This man bought a previously owned phone, and the previous owner hadn’t wiped the phone of all personal information. In this case, the info included contact information that could damage his career. Imagine someone phone pranking Tom Brokaw using your phone.
The world of previously owned electronics is on the cusp of huge growth. We’re growing rapidly, and as more people realize they can sell their older phones to a Cell Again franchisee and buy a quality previously owned phone at a good price, you’ll see it grow even more quickly. At Cell Again we have a process to make sure that all previously owned phones are wiped clean. This helps protect the customers we buy from and the ones we sell to.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
New and Used Cell Phone Reseller, Cell Again, is Now Franchising
- Cell Again provides customers with a cost-effective way to buy or replace existing cell phones without the hassle of a contract
SALT LAKE CITY, January 12, 2010 – New and used cell phone reseller, Cell Again, announced today it has begun franchising across North America. The franchise system focuses on low-risk, kiosk locations where customers not only purchase phones and accessories, but can also sell their old cell phones. Cell Again has five current locations with four in Utah and one in Las Vegas, Nevada.
Cell Again has partnered with Franchise Foundry, a strategic franchise investment firm, to deliver Cell Again franchises to qualified franchise associates. The Cell Again systems and support have been engineered to help anyone get a location up and running quickly and on its way to profitability.
“Because we buy and sell new and used cell phones from any carrier, Cell Again has a major advantage in this market and able to service more customers than our competitors,” said Matt Kelly, founder of Cell Again. “Also, our track record of growing Cell Again into a successful and proven company makes it ideal to support the growth associated with building a successful franchise.”
Traditionally, most cell phone retailers are paid commissions by carriers 90 days after a phone is sold. This puts them in a constant state of negative cash flow. Buy focusing on buying used phones and selling them to customers with no allegiance to carriers, Cell Again has set itself apart and become very successful.
“The cell phone market is growing at a break-neck speed as we become more dependent on the ability to be accessible at all times. That growth is what makes Cell Again is an exciting and profitable business to own,” said Christian Faulconer, Franchise Foundry CEO. “Because Cell Again franchises are in the business of selling the cell phone hardware and not the contracts, it makes it a cost-effective approach for people to replace their cell phones.”
Franchises are available throughout North America. For more information visit http://cellagainfranchise.com/.
About Cell Again
Cell Again is an exciting franchise that buys and sells new and used cell phones. Our franchise system focuses on low-risk, kiosk locations where customers not only purchase phones and accessories, but they can also sell their old cell phones. This allows franchise owners to service a diverse group of customers’ needs in multiple ways and to create a successful business in the process.